Biblical Bowing

Going Beyond General Submission on into Restoring Forgotten Extremist Bowing-Reverence


Part of a 3-Part Series: (1) Family Commands; (2) Submission; (3) Biblical Bowing


Josiahs Scott,,

2/5/12-2/9/12; 2/22/12; 2/24/12; 3/8/12; 9/15/12; 9/22/12-9/24/12; Foot Washing and Foot Kissing: 6/10/13; 7/11/13; 7/12/13-7/13/13; 9/13/13; 3/17/16; 11/23/17; 8/11/23

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Basic Introductory Considerations. 2

Basic Words. 3

Face the Facts: It is Biblical to Bow to People Sometimes. 4

Two Initial, Exciting Examples of Bowing! 5

Humanism Hates what Humility Honors. 5

The Many Examples of When to Bow to People. 6

Bowing to a King By Subjects & Conquered Enemies. 6

In Obedience to an Order 6

Harsh Judgment 6

Bitter Oppression. 7

A Wife to Her Husband-King. 7

Bowing to Father, Father-in-law, & Grandfather 7

Bowing to Brother & Relatives. 7

Bowing to Women. 8

Bowing to Honor Guests. 8

Bowing To One From Whom You Need Mercy or to Request Favor 8

When You Desperately Need to Repent! 8

Deep Gratitude for Great Mercy, Help, and Kindness. 9

Mourning. 11

In Recognition of Spiritual Authority. 12

Bowing to Jesus is Not Inherently About Bowing to God. 12

Bowing Boundaries. 14

Summary Examples We Should Already Know by Now.. 14

Bowing to Angels Can Be Good, But NOT as gods. 14

Dont Bow to People as gods. 16

Mat_23 You Are All Brothers. 17

Don't Bow Before the Wicked, But they Should Bow Before the Righteous. 17

Bowing to Real, New Testament, Disciples is Sometimes Appropriate. 18

Under the Conviction of Prophecy. 19

False, Fleshly Jews to Real (Gentile) Disciples. 19

Repenting Guard to Paul and Silas. 19

Jesus Special New Testament Bowing COMMAND: Foot-Washing! 19

Foot Washing and Foot Kissing. 20

Adoration of Feet Connected with the Gospel 20

Abigail & Marry of Bethany. 21

The Early Church Took these things Deeply to Heart, to DO Them! 21

Abigail 21

Marry of Bethany. 21

Bowing Summaries and Applications. 22

Be Sensitive and Perceptive Before Bowing. 22

Summaries of When Not to Bow to People. 22

Summaries of When to Bow to People. 22

Last Thoughts. 22



Basic Introductory Considerations

Please consider these thoughts before we talk about Biblical Bowing


        This is a specialty Bible study. It may not directly address the largest problems in society, but it can sure help in the few particular cases where it is especially needed

        This is a specialized tool for the tool belt of righteousness, and while it may or may not be something you use every day, it is something extremely powerful when the appropriate time comes


        The Word worship is mostly an English word that is not really used in the Bible (except for a few specific passages that discuss things like fear/ reverence/ doing an orderly service).

        The real words behind worship are usually words that describe bowing.

        When KJV says he bowed and worshiped him the Greek is not inherently implying an idea of attributing divinity (unless the context demands that idea).


        This teaching is aggressively antagonistic directly in the face of humanism, which means it is greatly contrary to Protestantism.

        It promotes a fervent, zealous reverence that opposes the staunch pride and liberal slavery in our modern culture

        No body today likes humiliating themselves and bowing, especially on your face!

        churches say you are committing idolatry

        Over in fabulous ghettos they started flipping their head up instead of tipping their head down when greeting their boys, (oh, they are so poor over in the ghetto arent they!)

        Overtly humanistic pagans burn with anger when someone is dehumanized (but how does that compare to Jesus reducing a foreign woman to a dog?)

        Humanism supposedly raises the level of Fellow Humans, but the Biblical humility of bowing (in Greek) reduces you to an adoring dog!

        We are convinced that there is something completely inappropriate and shameful about this barbaric practice, but whose right?

        We think it destroys our inner child because it is plainly anathema to self-esteem and self confidence

        It is something we all know that humans once did, but now humanism scorns with bitter opposition

        We know it was extravagantly humble for some people at some time, but no one today would ever even think of doing it in our modern context

        About all we have left today is hanging the head in shame, but even that is considered weak and undesirable

        It is a deeply troubling thing when the ambition to never suppress anyone else becomes a social norm to never let your own self be suppressed.


The idea of falling on our face before someone is foreign to Americans. We dont even prostrate ourselves to our president. But this is because we view everyone as equals, even if they carry greater power.

Retrieved 2/9/12


And, as it is typical when dealing with Protestants, one Catholic said,


My friend keeps bringing up that, in the Bible, the Lord says to bow to no man except God or Jesus

Retrieved 2/9/12


Our independent nonsense is shameful and ridiculous. Lets learn Truth so we can definitely repent in this area.


Basic Words


H7812 Bowing Before Someone (lit. Sharp Walls + Man with Raised Arms)

שׁחה (ָשָׁחה), (shâchâh) this appears to always have the idea of physically bowing down. The Hebrew pictures imply getting low before a man with his arms raised (a lord or a ruler).


H7817 A Related Bow-Word

שׁחח shâchach shaw-khakh'

Strong: A primitive root; to sink or depress (reflexively or causatively): - bend, bow (down), bring (cast) down, couch, humble self, be (bring) low, stoop.


It comes from another more basic, primary word:


H7807 Getting Lower (lit. Sharp Walls)

שׁח shach shakh

From H7817; sunk, that is, downcast: - + humble.


AHLBs Take on H7807

1468) Hs% (Hs% ShHh) ac: Sink co: Pit ab: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing sharpness, the h is a picture of wall. Combined these mean "sharp walls". A pit dug into the ground for the purpose of trapping someone or something. To go down or sink down as going into the pit.


We see that the main Hebrew word behind bowing (H7812) comes from a more basic word which figuratively means to get low (H7807).


The pictures that are associated with each letter are as follows:

(1) שׁ two sharp (pressing) teeth

(2) ח tent wall (outside, divide, half)

(3) ה arms raised (look, reveal, breath)


Is this: raising your arms, halving your body, by bowing, and pressing your two arms on the ground?


H5186 Bow/Bend/Stretch Out

נטה nâṭâh naw-taw'

A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications: - + afternoon, apply, bow (down, -ing), carry aside, decline, deliver, extend, go down, be gone, incline, intend, lay, let down, offer, outstretched, overthrown, pervert, pitch, prolong, put away, shew, spread (out), stretch (forth, out), take (aside), turn (aside, away), wrest, cause to yield.


H3766 Kneeling



כּרע kârakaw-rah'

A primitive root; to bend the knee; by implication to sink, to prostrate: - bow (down, self), bring down (low), cast down, couch, fall, feeble, kneeling, sink, smite (stoop) down, subdue, X very.


H86 Another (Rarer) Kneel Word

אברך 'abrêk ab-rake'

Probably an Egyptian word meaning kneel: - bow the knee.


Also see

Ecc_12:3 H5791

Mic_6:6 H3721 Curve Down (before God)


Incomplete numbers used to exclude in search: H5791 H7812 H7807 H3766 H5456 H7198 G5115 H5186


H5456 To Fall Down



סגד sâgad saw-gad'

A primitive root; to prostrate oneself (in homage): - fall down.


>> Mat_7:27: πτῶσις G4431


G4352 Kiss Toward


προσκυνέω (proskuneō) lit. toward dog-licking; Note: a κύων (kuōn) is a dog! (see G2965); implies bowing of some kind, as if to lick (or adore) the hand of a master.


This bowing, is quite literally specified as face upon ground in Gen_48:12, (which is one of our first examples given below).


For the licking/ kissing connotations, see: Exo_18:7; 1Sa_20:41 (~kissing received 2Sa_14:33; 2Sa_15:5)


Strongs Says

From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his masters hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore): - worship.



The ancient oriental (especially Persian) mode of salutation between persons of equal ranks was to kiss each other on the lips; when the difference of rank was slight, they kissed each other on the cheek; when one was much inferior, he fell upon his knees and touched his forehead to the ground or prostrated himself, throwing kisses at the same time toward the superior. It is this latter mode of salutation that Gr. writers express by proskunō. (Word Study [which is a heretical resource] on G4352)


Face the Facts: It is Biblical to Bow to People Sometimes

We all should already know that we should bow before God* since all over the world this basically goes without saying. But did you know that the Bible very powerfully shows us that we sometimes should bow before people? Let us abandon our religious and wicked ideals and courageously submit to this very helpful truth!


[* For a few example passages on bowing to God, see our Prayer Lists Bible study]


Two Initial, Exciting Examples of Bowing!

Remember to ask yourself: Have you ever seen scenes like this in modern christianity?


Gen_48:12 CAB And Joseph brought them... and they bowed down [MT: bowed himselfH7812 ; LXX: προσεκύνησαν lit. kissed (like a dog) toward; same word as worshipped] to him [i.e. Jacob, Joseph's father], *with their face to the ground [* ἐπὶ πρόσωπον ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς].


>> 1Sa_25:23


1Sa_25:40-41 CAB So the servants [οἱ παῖδες the boys] of David came to Abigail to Carmel [i.e. after her husband was dead (1Sa_25:37-39)], and spoke to her, saying, David has sent [ἀπέστειλεν] us to you, *to take you to himself for a wife [* λαβεῖν σε αὐτῷ εἰς γυναῖκα]. 41 And she arose [ἀνέστη], *and bowed down with her face to the earth [* προσεκύνησεν ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον], and said, Behold, your servant [δούλη] *is for a handmaid [* εἰς παιδίσκην into a girl], to wash the feet of your servants [παίδων boys].


Have you ever considered that the Bible promotes a woman bowing to a man when receiving a proposal, but we expect a man to bow (on one knee) to a woman? Wake up! We are missing something!

Somehow this seems like a much different marriage proposal than we are used to seeing. Have you ever considered or cared about the fact that the Bible presents to us an authoritative culture far superior to our own? Have you ever been courageous enough to imitate them and their faith as the Scriptures command us (Heb_6:12; Heb_13:7)? If these things are in the Bible, why arent they ever promoted or even allowed in church?


Humanism Hates what Humility Honors

Our foolish cultures hate humility and despise such great and righteous subjection as these passages have shown. These bowing scenes would typically be illegal and considered outlandish, and even cultish in most modern American churches today, but let me ask you bluntly: when is the last time you even thought about bowing down to another human with your face to the ground? If it is in the Bible, then why is it never in church? this bowing is not idolatry as religious people protest this is the BIBLE! The reason we, in our modern cultures, do not like such bowing is because we are infested with the shameful foolishness of humanism and hate Jesus and do not know God. We hate everything to do with authority and subjection, as it says,


2Pe_2:10 CAB ...those who walk after [ὀπίσω] the flesh... despise authority [κυριότητος καταφρονοῦντας]...

>> update submission


(see also Jud_1:7-8)


If you disapprove of bowing down to people in the proper context (as described here), then repent and tremble at the authority of God who has glorified such blessed displays of humility.

Let us go beyond the standard, common, every-day, conventional, regular, generic claims of submission and let us take a hold of something that our shameful cultures have forgotten!


The Many Examples of When to Bow to People


Bowing to a King By Subjects & Conquered Enemies

It may not be practical to list all of the examples of this, but here are a few

5/20/16-5/21/16; 5/28/16; 8/11/23


Gen_37, Gen_42-43 Josephs dreams and fulfillments (esp., for example, Gen_37:7, Gen_37:9; Gen_43:26, Gen_43:28, Gen_50:18 MT)


Gen_43:26 KJV+ And when JosephH3130 cameH935 home,H1004 they broughtH935 him(H853) the presentH4503 whichH834 was in their handH3027 into the house,H1004 and bowed themselvesH7812 to him to the earth.H776

Gen_43:26 LB And Joseph entered into the house, and they brought him the gifts which they had in their hands, into the house; and they bowed down before him with their faces to the ground.

Gen_43:26 Εἰσῆλθεν δὲ Ιωσηφ εἰς τὴν οἰκίαν, καὶ προσήνεγκαν αὐτῷ τὰ δῶρα, ἃ εἶχον ἐν ταῖς χερσὶν αὐτῶν, εἰς τὸν οἶκον καὶ προσεκύνησαν αὐτῷ ἐπὶ πρόσωπον ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν.

Gen 43:28 KJV+ And they answered,H559 Thy servantH5650 our fatherH1 is in good health,H7965 he is yetH5750 alive.H2416 And they bowed down their heads,H6915 and made obeisance.H7812

Gen 43:28 And they said, Your servant our father is well; he is still alive. And he said, Blessed be that man by Godand they bowed, and prostrated themselves.

Gen 43:28 οἱ δὲ εἶπαν Ὑγιαίνει ὁ παῖς σου ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν, ἔτι ζῇ. καὶ εἶπεν Εὐλογητὸς ὁ ἄνθρωπος ἐκεῖνος τῷ θεῷ. καὶ κύψαντες προσεκύνησαν αὐτῷ.



Gen 44:14 KJV+ And JudahH3063 and his brethrenH251 cameH935 to Joseph'sH3130 house;H1004 for heH1931 was yetH5750 there:H8033 and they fellH5307 beforeH6440 him on the ground.H776

Gen 44:14 LB And Judah and his brothers came in to Joseph, while he was yet there, and fell on the ground before him.

Gen 44:14 Εἰσῆλθεν δὲ Ιουδας καὶ οἱ ἀδελφοὶ αὐτοῦ πρὸς Ιωσηφ ἔτι αὐτοῦ ὄντος ἐκεῖ καὶ ἔπεσον ἐναντίον αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν.







1Ki_1:23 Prophet (Nathan) bows before King (David)



Isa_45:23 compare: Rom_14:11


1Sa_24:8 David to Saul

2Sa_1:2 Messenger in great sorrow

(Jdg_5:27 Sisera dead before Jael)

(2Sa_19:14 David bowed their hearts by kind words)


1Ki_1:51-53 Rebellious Adonijah to his brother-King Solomon

2Ch_24:17 the princes of Judah


Mat_2:2, Mat_2:11 A Baby King (who is also God)

Mat_18:26 be patient and I will pay back


2Sa_15:5 Minimizing it in deceptive flattery (undermined such subjection)

Also see: every man to his tent


In Obedience to an Order

2Sa_18:21 a man dismissing himself from Joab


Harsh Judgment

Psa_69:23 CAB Let their eyes be darkened that they should not see; and bow down their back continually.


Rom_11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they do not see, and their back always be bowed down."


Bitter Oppression






Isa_51:23 CAB And I will give it into the hands of them that injured you, and them that afflicted you; who said to your soul, Bow down, that we may pass over; and you laid your body to the ground to them passing by outside.


A Wife to Her Husband-King




1Ki_1:31 CAB And Bathsheba bowed [ἔκυψεν i.e. bent forward] *with her face to the ground, and paid homage [* ἐπὶ πρόσωπον ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν καὶ προσεκύνησεν] to the king, and said, Let my lord King David live forever.


That woman is so godly she is STILL* bowing to David even after she is married to him!


[* Recall: 1Sa_25:23 (after Nabals great sin); 1Sa_25:40-41 (after David proposed marriage) these were covered at the beginning]


Est_8:3-4 CAB And *she spoke yet again to [* προσθεῖσα ἐλάλησεν πρὸς] the king, *and fell at his feet [* προσέπεσεν πρὸς τοὺς πόδας αὐτοῦ], and beseeched him to do away the mischief [κακίαν] of Haman, and all that he had done against the Jews. 4 Then the king stretched out to Esther the golden scepter; and Esther arose to stand near [παρεστηκέναι] the king.


Bowing to Father, Father-in-law, & Grandfather


Gen_48:12 Joseph and sons to Jacob (as seen at the Beginning)

(compare MT with Solomon to mother)


2Sa_14:33 Absalom to David


Exo_18:7 CAB And Moses went forth to meet [συνάντησιν] his father-in-law [γαμβρῷ], and bowed down ροσεκύνησεν] and kissed [ἐφίλησεν] him, and they embraced [ἠσπάσαντο] each other, and he brought them [εἰσήγαγεν] into [εἰς] the tent.


Bowing to Brother & Relatives


Gen_27:19-30 Isaacs Blessing intended for Jacob (and others) to bow to Esau (which eventually became Esau to Jacob)

Gen_33:3 Jacob to Esau (seven times!)

Gen_33:6-7 Jacobs family to Esau

Gen_49:8 Judahs brothers to him


1Ki_1:51-53 Rebellious Adonijah to his brother-King Solomon


Bowing to Women

Although bowing to women is not typical (because women are not natively in a place of authority), there are certainly cases where it may be appropriate:


Jdg_5:27 Sisera dead before Jael


1Ki_2:13 Son Adonijah to his Step mother, Queen Bathsheba (Although this was for a bad purpose, it still appears to be socially correct as can be seen in the example to Saul to Samuel although he was wrong, his posture was still correct)


(1Ki_2:19 The MT has a description of Solomon also bowing to his Queen mom, but the LXX says, κατεφίλησεν intensely kissed down)


Est_7:8 CAB and Haman had fallen upon the bed, begging the queen [Esther]


Bowing to Honor Guests



Gen_18:2 Abraham before the three men


Gen_19:1 WEB The two angels came to Sodom at evening. Lot sat in the gate of Sodom. Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them. *He bowed himself [in Hebrew and Greek (CAB: worshipped)] with his face to the earth [* προσεκύνησεν τῷ προσώπῳ ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν],


Hospitality is something serious in the Bible!


Bowing To One From Whom You Need Mercy or to Request Favor

1Sa_20:41 David to Jonathan

1Sa_25:23 Abigail to David (after Nabals great sin)

(1Sa_24:8 David to Saul)

(1Sa_2:36 in a bad sense)

1Ch_21:16 David and the elders before the judging angel

Mat_18:26 be patient and I will pay back


Est_7:8 CAB and Haman had fallen upon the bed, begging the queen [Esther]


2Sa_14:4 CAB So the woman of Tekoa went in to the king and fell upon her face to the earth, and bowed down before him, and said, Help, O king, help.


>> begging before kings when life is on the line


When You Desperately Need to Repent!

>> David Saul

Fell face


2Sa_19:18-20 CAB And Shimei the son of Gera fell on his face before the king, as he went over the Jordan, 19 and said to the king, Let not my lord now impute iniquity, and remember not all the iniquity of your servant in the day in which my lord went out from Jerusalem, so that the king should mind it. 20 For your servant knows that I have sinned; and behold, I have come this day before all Israel and the house of Joseph, to go down and meet my lord the king.


Note: even with all of this, Shimei did not repent unto life: 1Ki_2:36-46 (just as it was with Adonijah: 1Ki_1:53; 1Ki_2:25), (see the sorrow according to God vs. the world: 2Co_7:9-11)


Vicariously: 1Sa_25:23 Abigail to David (after Nabals great sin)


Deep Gratitude for Great Mercy, Help, and Kindness

Gen_23:7, Gen_23:12 Abraham needing help burring Sarah


After Boaz was kind to Ruth by providing a chance to find food and safety, she was filled with gratitude


Rth_2:10 CAB And she fell upon her face, and bowed down to the ground, and said to him, How is it that I have found grace in your eyes, that you should take notice of me, seeing that I am a stranger?

>> Sync: BOW | Lux


1Sa_25:40-41 Abigail to David (after David proposed marriage)


2Sa_9:3-9 CAB And the king said, Is there yet a man left of the house of Saul, that I may act towards him with the mercy of God? And Ziba said to the king, There is yet a son of Jonathan, lame in his feet. 4 And the king said, Where is he? And Ziba said to the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo Debar. 5 And King David went, and took him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo Debar. 6 And Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul came to the King David, and *he fell upon his face and bowed down before him [* ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ]. And David said to him, Mephibosheth; and he said, Behold your servant. 7 And David said to him, Fear not, for I will surely deal mercifully with you for the sake of Jonathan your father, and I will restore to you all the land of Saul the father of your father; and you shall eat bread at my table continually. 8 And Mephibosheth bowed down ροσεκύνησεν] and said, Who am I your servant, that you have looked upon a dead dog like me? 9 And the king called Ziba the servant of Saul, and said to him, All that belonged to Saul and to all his house have I given to the son of your lord.


2Sa 9:3 WEB The king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may show the kindness of God to him? Ziba said to the king, Jonathan has yet a son, who is lame of his feet.

2Sa 9:3 KJV+ And the kingH4428said,H559Is there notH657yetH5750anyH376of the houseH1004of Saul,H7586that I may shewH6213the kindnessH2617of GodH430untoH5973him? And ZibaH6717saidH559untoH413the king,H4428JonathanH3083hath yetH5750a son,H1121which is lameH5223on his feet.H7272

2Sa 9:3 LB And the king said, Is there yet a man left of the house of Saul, that I may act towards him with the mercy of God? And Ziba said to the king, There is yet a son of Jonathan, lame in his feet.

2Sa 9:3 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ βασιλεύς Εἰ ὑπολέλειπται ἐκ τοῦ οἴκου Σαουλ ἔτι ἀνὴρ καὶ ποιήσω μετ᾿ αὐτοῦ ἔλεος θεοῦ; καὶ εἶπεν Σιβα πρὸς τὸν βασιλέα Ἔτι ἔστιν υἱὸς τῷ Ιωναθαν πεπληγὼς τοὺς πόδας.

2Sa 9:4 WEB The king said to him, Where is he? Ziba said to the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, in Lo Debar.

2Sa 9:4 KJV+ And the kingH4428saidH559unto him, WhereH375is he?H1931And ZibaH6717saidH559untoH413the king,H4428Behold,H2009heH1931is in the houseH1004of Machir,H4353the sonH1121of Ammiel,H5988in Lodebar.H3810

2Sa 9:4 LB And the king said, Where is he? And Ziba said to the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo Debar.

2Sa 9:4 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ βασιλεύς Ποῦ οὗτος; καὶ εἶπεν Σιβα πρὸς τὸν βασιλέα Ἰδοὺ ἐν οἴκῳ Μαχιρ υἱοῦ Αμιηλ ἐκ τῆς Λαδαβαρ.

2Sa 9:5 WEB Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo Debar.

2Sa 9:5 KJV+ Then kingH4428DavidH1732sent,H7971and fetchedH3947him out of the houseH4480 H1004of Machir,H4353the sonH1121of Ammiel,H5988from Lodebar.H4480 H3810

2Sa 9:5 LB And King David went, and took him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo Debar.

2Sa 9:5 καὶ ἀπέστειλεν ὁ βασιλεὺς Δαυιδ καὶ ἔλαβεν αὐτὸν ἐκ τοῦ οἴκου Μαχιρ υἱοῦ Αμιηλ ἐκ τῆς Λαδαβαρ.

2Sa 9:6 WEB Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, came to David, and fell on his face, and did obeisance. David said, Mephibosheth. He answered, Behold, your servant!

2Sa 9:6 KJV+ Now when Mephibosheth,H4648the sonH1121of Jonathan,H3083the sonH1121of Saul,H7586was comeH935untoH413David,H1732he fellH5307onH5921his face,H6440and did reverence.H7812And DavidH1732said,H559Mephibosheth.H4648And he answered,H559BeholdH2009thy servant!H5650

2Sa 9:6 LB And Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul came to King David, and he fell upon his face and bowed down before him. And David said to him, Mephibosheth; and he said, Behold your servant.

2Sa 9:6 καὶ παραγίνεται Μεμφιβοσθε υἱὸς Ιωναθαν υἱοῦ Σαουλ πρὸς τὸν βασιλέα Δαυιδ καὶ ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ. καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Δαυιδ Μεμφιβοσθε· καὶ εἶπεν Ἰδοὺ ὁ δοῦλός σου.

2Sa 9:7 WEB David said to him, "Don't be afraid of him; for I will surely show you kindness for Jonathan your father's sake, and will restore you all the land of Saul your father; and you shall eat bread at my table continually."

2Sa 9:7 KJV+ And DavidH1732saidH559unto him, FearH3372not:H408forH3588I will surely shewH6213 H6213 H5973thee kindnessH2617for JonathanH3083thy father'sH1sake,H5668and will restoreH7725thee(H853)allH3605the landH7704of SaulH7586thy father;H1and thouH859shalt eatH398breadH3899atH5921my tableH7979continually.H8548

2Sa 9:7 LB And David said to him, Do not fear, for I will surely deal mercifully with you for the sake of Jonathan your father, and I will restore to you all the land of Saul your grandfather; and you shall eat bread at my table continually.

2Sa 9:7 καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ Δαυιδ Μὴ φοβοῦ, ὅτι ποιῶν ποιήσω μετὰ σοῦ ἔλεος διὰ Ιωναθαν τὸν πατέρα σου καὶ ἀποκαταστήσω σοι πάντα ἀγρὸν Σαουλ πατρὸς τοῦ πατρός σου, καὶ σὺ φάγῃ ἄρτον ἐπὶ τῆς τραπέζης μου διὰ παντός.

2Sa 9:8 WEB He did obeisance, and said, "What is your servant, that you should look on such a dead dog as I am?"

2Sa 9:8 KJV+ And he bowed himself,H7812and said,H559WhatH4100is thy servant,H5650thatH3588thou shouldest lookH6437uponH413suchH834a deadH4191dogH3611as IH3644am?

2Sa 9:8 LB And Mephibosheth bowed down and said, Who is your servant, that you have looked upon a dead dog such as me?

2Sa 9:8 καὶ προσεκύνησεν Μεμφιβοσθε καὶ εἶπεν Τίς εἰμι ὁ δοῦλός σου, ὅτι ἐπέβλεψας ἐπὶ τὸν κύνα τὸν τεθνηκότα τὸν ὅμοιον ἐμοί;

2Sa 9:9 WEB Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said to him, "All that pertained to Saul and to all his house have I given to your master's son.

2Sa 9:9 KJV+ Then the kingH4428calledH7121toH413Ziba,H6717Saul'sH7586servant,H5288and saidH559untoH413him, I have givenH5414unto thy master'sH113sonH1121allH3605thatH834pertainedH1961to SaulH7586and to allH3605his house.H1004

2Sa 9:9 LB And the king called Ziba the servant of Saul, and said to him, All that belonged to Saul and to all his house have I given to the son of your lord.

2Sa 9:9 καὶ ἐκάλεσεν ὁ βασιλεὺς Σιβα τὸ παιδάριον Σαουλ καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτόν Πάντα, ὅσα ἐστὶν τῷ Σαουλ καὶ ὅλῳ τῷ οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ, δέδωκα τῷ υἱῷ τοῦ κυρίου σου·



Jesus and The Ten Lepers

Luk_17:11-19 CAB And it happened while He was traveling to Jerusalem that He passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 12 Then as He entered a certain village, there met Him ten men who were lepers, who stood at a distance. 13 And they lifted their voice and said, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!" 14 And seeing them, He said to them, "Go, show yourselves to the priests." And so it was that as they went away, they were cleansed. 15 And one of them, seeing that he was healed, turned back, glorifying God with a loud voice, 16 and fell down on his face at His feet, thanking Him. And he was a Samaritan. 17 So Jesus answered and said, "Were there not ten cleansed? But where are the nine? 18 Were not any found returning to give glory to God except this foreigner?" 19 And He said to him, "Arise, go your way. Your faith has made you well."


Note 1: Bowing down to someone in great thanks and amazement for supernatural work (v. 15-16), glorifies God (v. 18), and not the flesh of the man to whom one bows down to!


Note 2: Ignorant church people will almost always excuse themselves from obeying this example by saying that jesus is god, but that is not the point of the passage, nor do we have any evidence at all that these lepers knew that! Jesus truly is God, but that has nothing to do with why Jesus healed them, nor is it why the one (Samaritan) leper returned to thank Him and fall at His feet, nor is it particularly why God was glorified, since Jesus Divinity was not the factor that was at work when He was truly a man who healed some lepers by faith in this story.





Psa_69:10 CAB And I bowed down my soul with fasting, and that was made my reproach.

Mat_26:39 Jesus in prayer


1Sa_28:20 CAB And Saul instantly fell at his full length upon the earth, and was greatly afraid because of the words of Samuel; and there was no longer any strength in him, for he had eaten no bread all that day, and all that night.


In Recognition of Spiritual Authority


1Sa_28:14, 1Sa_28:20 Saul to Samuel (when coming up from hell)


1Ki_18:7 CAB And Obadiah was alone in the road; and Elijah came alone to meet him. And Obadiah made haste, and fell upon his face, and said, My lord [κύριέ μου] Elijah, are you indeed he?

>> Sync: BOW | Lux


2Ki_2:14-15 CAB and he took the mantle of Elijah, which fell from off him, and struck the water, and said, Where is the Lord God of Elijah? And he struck the waters, and they were divided this way and that; and Elisha went over. 15 And the sons of the prophets who were in Jericho on the opposite side saw him, and said, The spirit of Elijah has rested upon Elisha. And they came to meet him, and bowed down before him to the ground.


When a womans son had died, it says


2Ki_4:27-28 CAB And she came to Elisha to the mountain, and laid hold of his feet; and Gehazi drew near to thrust her away. And Elisha said, Let her alone, for her soul is much grieved in her, and the Lord has hidden it from me, and has not told it to me. 28 And she said, Did I ask a son of my lord? For did I not say, Do not deal deceitfully with me?


Critical Notes

        This is very similar to Judas protesting when Mary washed Jesus feet.

        Jesus also said leave her alone when people looked down on Marys good work

        Beware that you are not looking down on/despising what is good like the disciple Gehazi (at least temporarily did in this case), and Judas, who was the son of perdition (a type of antichrist)


After Elisha raised a son from the dead


2Ki_4:36-37 WEB He called Gehazi, and said, Call this Shunammite. So he called her. When she was come in to him, he said, Take up your son. 37 Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground; and she took up her son, and went out.


Many, many more examples can be seen under Bowing to Jesus


Bowing to Jesus is Not Inherently About Bowing to God

>> add!!!: Mary washing Jesus feet

>> add more examples


Basic Facts We Ought to Know By Now

        Bowing was (and should still be) a common recognition of superiority in the display of extreme humility and submission.

        Although it is obvious that Jesus is God, bowing or worshiping has nothing to do with this unless specifically specified (such as Mat_14:33; Mar_5:6-7; Heb_1:6 with the context of Heb_1:8-12; and compare Joh_9:35-38; Joh_20:28 ὁ Κύριός μου καὶ ὁ Θεός μου).

        Examples of bowing to Jesus in the Bible are not special attributions of His Divinity, but examples of their humility which we should walk in and imitate (Heb_6:12; Heb_13:7).

        You cannot use Jesus Divinity as a lame and treacherous excuse to disobey imitating the authoritative examples of those who bowed to Him in the Bible.

        If you disagree with these basic realities, then you should not even be reading this, but you should rather be contacting us and asking us how to repent of you faith and get discipled into Truth!


Example Passages

Mat_2:2, Mat_2:11 A Baby King (who also happens to be God)





Mat_8:2-3 CAB And behold, a leper came and worshipped Him, saying, "Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean." 3 And reaching out His hand, Jesus touched him, saying, "I am willing; be cleansed." Immediately his leprosy was cleansed.


Mat_9:18 CAB As He spoke these things to them, behold, a certain leader came and worshipped Him, saying, "My daughter has just died, but come and lay Your hand on her, and she shall live."


Mat_15:22-28 CAB And behold, a Canaanite woman coming forth from that region cried out to Him, saying, "Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed." 23 But He answered her not a word. And His disciples approached and urged Him, saying, "Send her away, for she cries out after us." 24 But He answered and said, "I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." 25 Then she came and worshipped ροσεκύνησεν] Him, saying, "Lord, help οήθει] me!" 26 But He answered and said, "It is not good to take the children's bread and to throw it to the little dogs." 27 But she said, "Yes, Lord, for even the little dogs eat from the crumbs falling from their masters' table." 28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, "O woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire." And her daughter was healed from that very hour.


Important Notes

        There is nothing at all particularly indicating that these examples were worshiping Jesus as God by doing these things.

        If they were secretly revering Him as God, all the better, but that is not what these passages teach us.

        We are not responsible to imitate what we think was going on in these passages, but we are obligated to actually DO what they themselves actually teach us to do! which is to love humility and submission, recognizing ones own inferiority and humbling ones self to honor others.


These Examples Could possibly Be Described Either Way?




Bowing Boundaries

Examples of times and occasions when we should not to bow. (Hopefully these are obvious and we already know and recognize them)

Now that we have considered Biblical Bowing, we need to understand why bowing to people has generally been given a bad reputation, and we need to distinguish what is actually good from what is bad.

>> Add: if they are not willing then it is not available to you. You cannot honor someone by bowing when they will not receive it by honor (although this does not always apply to all "honor" virtues)


Summary Examples We Should Already Know by Now

        Don't Bow Down Before Idolatry
We usually do not need to list every occurrence of this for anyone who has read the Bible.

        Don't Bow Before the Wicked

        Dont Promote Bitter Oppression For Innocent People
(notice that this has an important, exclusive qualification attached to it, only protecting Innocent People guilty people can be bitterly oppressed, and that can be appropriate)

        Don't Bow to Angels as gods


Bowing to Angels Can Be Good, But NOT as gods


(1) What is this Worship of Angels?

This worship of angels is in fact, the worship of fallen angels and demons (i.e. typical paganism)


As TSK lists: Dan_11:38,*Heb: Rom_1:25, 1Co_8:5, 1Co_8:6, 1Ti_4:1;


Col_2:18 CAB Let no one *rule against you [* καταβραβευέτω], desiring to do so in false humility and *in worship of the angels [* θρησκείᾳ τῶν ἀγγέλων], intruding into those things which he has not seen, in vain being puffed up by his carnal mind,


Note: this Worship is not the bowing word in the Bible.

This is nothing more than the typical paganism which has always been condemned from the beginning:


Rev_9:20 CAB But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent from the works of their hands, that they should not worship [προσκυνήσουσι] demons, and idols of gold, silver, bronze, stone, and of wood, which neither are able to see nor to hear nor to walk.


A Few Other Examples Against Idolatry


Deu_29:26; 2Ki_21:3, 2Ki_21:21; 2Ch_25:14, 2Ch_33:3; Mat_4:9-10; Luk_4:7-8; Act_7:43; 1Co_10; Rev_9:20; Rev_13:4, Rev_13:8; Rev_13:12, Rev_13:15; Rev_14:7; Rev_14:9, Rev_14:11; Rev_16:2; Rev_19:20; Rev_20:4

(There are obviously many, many more)


Deu_6:13-16 CAB You shall fear [current LXX: φοβηθήσῃ (conforms to MT) NT says προσκυνήσεις (Mat_4:10)] the Lord your God, and Him only [although Jesus includes only some LXX manuscripts omit it as seen in NETS] shall you serve [λατρεύσεις]; and you shall cleave to [κολληθήσῃ] Him, and by His name you shall swear. 14 Go not after other gods, of the gods of the nations round about you, 15 for the Lord your God in the midst of you is a jealous [or zealous (ζηλωτὴς)] God, lest the Lord your God be very angry [ὀργισθεὶς θυμωθῇ] with you, and destroy you from off the face of the earth. 16 You shall not tempt [ἐκπειράσεις i.e. intensely (ἐκ) put God threw things] the Lord your God, as you tempted Him in the temptation.


Mat_4:8-11 CAB Again, the devil took Him up on a very high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory. 9 And he said to Him, "All these things will I give You, if You will fall down and worship me εσὼν προσκυνήσῃς]." 10 Then Jesus said to him, "Get behind Me, Satan! For it is written, 'You shall worship ροσκυνήσεις] the LORD your God, and Him alone you shall serve [λατρεύσεις].' " 11 Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him.


Exo_32:7-9 CAB And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Go quickly, descend from here, for your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have transgressed; 8 they have quickly *gone out of the way [* παρέβησαν i.e. broken boundaries] which you have commanded; they have made for themselves a calf, and worshipped ροσκεκυνήκασιν] it, and sacrificed to it, and said, 9 These are your gods, O Israel, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.


Exo_34:14 CAB For you shall not worship ροσκυνήσητε] strange gods, for the Lord God, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God;


Note: ironically, a number of people have tried to use this passage to teach that you should not bow down to people ροσκυνήσητε] but this passage clearly does not say that at all. It says not to bow toward daemons (other gods) but it does not say to never bow to men. Bowing to other gods is clearly a spiritual practice of connecting to daemons by an evil faith, and this has nothing to do with properly lowering yourself before another human which requires no particular faith in that person whom you can plainly see. Bowing to spiritual things by faith, means a recognition of their spiritual claims, but bowing to a person simply acknowledges or displays the fact that you are less than them.

Kissing [κυνή-] a man is obviously very different than kissing a woman, and kissing a daughter means something very different than kissing a wife. These things automatically have extreme differences to them, and we ought not to suppose that there is no automatic distinction when it comes to bowing before gods and bowing before men. It is obvious that it is pure evil to lower yourself in reverence before evil spirits, and we all know this automatically if we have read the Bible, but it is also obvious that the Bible frequently praises lowering yourself in humility before other people when appropriate. Since we know these things, it is also time to embrace them.


Some Prime Examples of the Best Bowing to God

Psa_95:6; Psa_138:2; Joh_4:20-24, etc.; Rev_15:4;


Only God is to be feared and served (worshiped)



(2) Revelation Confirms this Propriety

Rev_1:17-18 It is good to bow before Jesus as God (context: Rev_1:13-18)

Rev_19:10; Rev_22:8-9 It is not good to bow before angels in the place of God

>> worship God alone ??


(3) Bowing Before Angels Can be Very Appropriate

Gen_18:2 Abraham before the three (although one of them was God, as seen in Gen_17:3, Gen_17:17, neither of the other two Angels was called God in Gen_19:1)

Num_22:31 Balaam before the angel with his sword drawn in his hand (CAB) [κύψας προσεκύνησεν τῷ προσώπῳ αὐτοῦ] (Although that was God as well)

Jos_5:13-14 Joshua to the Commander of the army of the Lord

1Ch_21:16 David and the elders before the judging angel

Dan_8:16-18 Daniel before the Angel (Gabriel) giving the vision

Dan_10:8-12, Dan_10:15 another double-bowing of Daniel before an Angel


Gen_19:1 WEB The two angels came to Sodom at evening. Lot sat in the gate of Sodom. Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them. *He bowed himself [or worshipped (CAB) in Hebrew and Greek!] with his face to the earth [* προσεκύνησεν τῷ προσώπῳ ἐπὶ τὴν γῆν],


Luk_24:3-6 CAB And going in they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 And it happened, as they were greatly perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. 5 Then, as they became afraid and bowed their faces to the ground, they said to them, "Why do you seek the living among the dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen!


Note: this is the proper bowing to Angels, even after the official death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus.



Dont Bow to People as gods

Whenever it is Mixed Up With the Pagan Worship of Demigods (or god-men or Emperor Worship) you are compelled to refrain from bowing


Rom_10:9 Interesting Cultural context: Jesus is Lord (i.e. not Caesar) this saying denies the worship of god-men (i.e. daemons while in the flesh)





Act_14:14, Act_14:15, Isa_42:8, Isa_48:13, Mat_4:10, 2Th_2:3, 2Th_2:4, Rev_13:8

Luk_4:8; Luk_8:41


Act_10:25-26 (compare Rev_19:10; Rev_22:9) Peter did not consider it appropriate to receive reverence as being anything superior to the reverent Cornelius. Peter made it clear that his unworthy humanity was the most pressing social need to acknowledge in this occasion of bringing spiritual news of salvation, lest (for example) Peter at any time be confused with the Jesus who was about to save Cornelius. Cornelius was from a non-Jewish context, and reinforcing monotheism and denying human divinity was of prime importance, and it was also now emphatically necessary to stress the equality of Jews and gentiles in this pivotal event.

Cornelius was already very reverent toward God, and Peter (coming from a rough background) did not consider there to be anything appropriate about him receiving reverence from Cornelius. The essential difference between Peter and Cornelius was the free reception of the forgiveness of sins, and since this was to be freely received by both of them, neither of them should get in the way of this and be superior to the other in such a time of benefiting from Gods hand.

All things being equal then, there was nothing setting Peter above being anything more than a man to Cornelius.



fell down at his feet, and worshipped him In the East this way of showing respect was customary not only to kings, but to others occupying a superior station; but among the Greeks and Romans it was reserved for the gods. Peter, therefore, declines it as due to no mortal [Grotius]



The welcome that Cornelius gave was very significant. That a high-born Roman should prostrate himself before a Jewish evangelist was unprecedented, though it revealed the true reverence and humility of Corneliuss soul; but the noble simplicity of Peters reply was also a revelation of the true greatness of the Apostle, and ought to have more obviously influenced his would-be successors.


Rev_19:10; Rev_22:8


Mat_23 You Are All Brothers



Mat_23 Jesus made it clear that we must treat other obeyers as brothers and avoid extravagant titles that are reserved for the new teacher in heaven.


>>! add:

we are never to exalt ourselves over others/ although we are to make ourselves profoundly less than others, we are never allowed to do the opposite end of this by enforcing such subjection on others for ourselves (mat 23 and see bitterness list, esp. 'Bow down so I can walk over you')


King: should not let his heart be exalted above his brothers


Don't Bow Before the Wicked, But they Should Bow Before the Righteous


(1) Don't Bow Before the Wicked

As we indicated earlier, it is not good to bow before the wicked

Est_3:2, Est_3:5


[Also compare the explanation given in the current LXXs additions to Est_4:17]


Pro_25:26 CAB As *if one should stop a well [* MT: a muddied spring (WEB)], and *corrupt a spring of water [* MT: a polluted well (WEB)], so is *it unseemly for [* not in MT] a righteous man *to fall before [* MT: who gives way before (WEB)] *an ungodly man [* LXX: ἀσεβοῦς irreverent].


(2) The Closest thing to an Exception to Bowing Before the Wicked?

Moses fell before the assembly when he was falsely accused by the wicked. (However, he did turn around and issue prophecies against them):


Num_14:2-7 CAB And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron; and all the congregation said to them, 3 If only we would have died in the land of Egypt! Or if only we would have died in this wilderness! And why does the Lord bring us into this land to fall in war? Our wives and our children shall be for a prey: now then it is better to return into Egypt. 4 And they said to one another, Let us select a leader and return into Egypt. 5 And Moses and Aaron fell upon their face before all the congregation of the children of Israel. 6 But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, of those that spied out the land, tore their clothes, 7 and spoke to all the congregation


Num_16:1-5 CAB And Korah and Dathan and Abiron spoke; 2 and *rose up [* LXX: ἀνέστησαν; compare with NT: στερεὸς θεμέλιος ἕστηκεν ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας (2Ti_2:19)] before Moses, and two hundred and fifty men of the sons of Israel, chiefs of the assembly, chosen [σύγκλητοι lit. chosen together; compare: whom He has chosen (v. 5)] counselors, and men of renown [ὀνομαστοί i.e. men that have a well-known name; compare: τὸ ὄνομα Κυρίου (2Ti_2:19)]. 3 *They rose up [* συνέστησαν stood up together] against [ἐπὶ lit. upon] Moses and Aaron, and said, *Let it be enough [* Ἐχέτω lit. have/ hold it] for you that *all the congregation is holy [* πᾶσα ἡ συναγωγὴ πάντες ἅγιοι everyone of all the synagogue (lit. the place of together leading) is holy; i.e. anti-christs theology], and the Lord [κύριος compare: τὸ ὄνομα Κυρίου (2Ti_2:19)] is among [ἐν lit. in] them; and *why [διὰ τί through what] do you *set up [stand down] yourselves against [lit. upon] [* κατανίστασθε ἐπὶ] the *congregation of the Lord [* συναγωγὴν κυρίου]? 4 And when Moses heard it, he fell on his face [ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον]. 5 And he spoke to Korah and all his assembly [συναγωγὴν], saying, God has *visited [* Ἐπέσκεπται lit. scoped upon (same root as overseer or bishop)] and known *those that are His [* MT: Yahweh will show who are his (WEB); LXX: ἔγνω ὁ θεὸς τοὺς ὄντας αὐτοῦ this is quoted in the NT as: ἔγνω Κύριος τοὺς ὄντας αὐτοῦ lord knows those who are being his (2Ti_2:19 Jos.Trans.) Paul is clearly quoting this passage primarily from the Greek LXX and not the current Heb. MT] and *who are holy [τοὺς ἁγίους (adjective)], and *has brought them to Himself [* προσηγάγετο πρὸς ἑαυτόν]; and whom He has chosen [ἐξελέξατο] for Himself, *He has brought to Himself ροσηγάγετο πρὸς ἑαυτόν i.e. Jesus theology (eg. Mat_7:13-29)].

>> Sync: MAEb | BOW


(Ironically, they did so later before God on behalf of Israel for these wicked people: Num_16:45)


2Ti_2:19 GNTtr ὁ μέντοι στερεὸς θεμέλιος τοῦ Θεοῦ ἕστηκεν, ἔχων τὴν σφραγῖδα ταύτην· ἔγνω Κύριος τοὺς ὄντας αὐτοῦ, καί· ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας πᾶς ὁ ὀνομάζων τὸ ὄνομα Κυρίου.


(3) But it is Good for the Wicked to Bow Before the Righteous

But contrary to bowing before the wicked, it is definitely clear that it is good for the wicked to fall down and bow before the righteous


Pro_14:19 CAB Evil men [κακοὶ nasty/ evil ones] shall fall [ὀλισθήσουσιν lit small (ὀλι-) + lay (θάνω), i.e., lay down small/ low; fig. bow/ prostrate (ALS p. 398)] before the good, and the ungodly [ἀσεβεῖς irreverent] shall attend [θεραπεύσουσιν i.e. wait in helpful service] at the gates of the righteous.


There are countless examples of this:

Gen_42:6, Gen_43:28, Est_7:7, Est_7:8, Psa_49:14, Mic_7:10, Mic_7:16-17, Mal_4:3


2Sa_22:40 CAB And You shall strengthen me with power for the war; You shall cause them that rise up against me to bow down under me.


(compare Psa_18:39)




Bowing to Real, New Testament, Disciples is Sometimes Appropriate


Like we quoted previously

Luk_24:3-6 CAB And going in they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. 4 And it happened, as they were greatly perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. 5 Then, as they became afraid and bowed their faces to the ground, they said to them, "Why do you seek the living among the dead? 6 He is not here, but is risen!


Under the Conviction of Prophecy

1Co_14:24-25 CAB But if all prophesy, and *an unbeliever [* τις ἄπιστος] or an unlearned person [ἰδιώτης] comes in, he is reproved [ἐλέγχεται convicted] by [ὑπὸ under] all, he is discerned [ἀνακρίνεται thoroughly/again/up-judged] by [ὑπὸ] all. 25 And so the secrets [κρυπτὰ] of his heart become clear [φανερὰ i.e. appear in pubic light]; and so, *falling down on his face εσὼν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον], he will *worship [kiss toward] [the] God ροσκυνήσει τῷ Θεῷ], reporting [ἀπαγγέλλων] that [the] God is truly [ὄντως] among [ἐν] you!

>> Sync: BOW | Lux


False, Fleshly Jews to Real (Gentile) Disciples

Rev_3:8-10 CAB "I know your works. Behold, I have set before you an open door, and no man can shut it; because you have a little strength and have kept My word, and you have not denied My name. 9 Behold, I will give those of the synagogue of Satan, those who say they are Jews and are not, but they are lyingbehold, I will compel οιήσω] them to come [ἵνα ἥξουσι (for the purpose) that they might come] and bow down at your feet [καὶ προσκυνήσουσιν ἐνώπιον τῶν ποδῶν σου], and they shall know that I have loved you. 10 Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of testing which is about to come upon the whole world, to test those that dwell upon the earth.

>> Sync: BOW | Lux


Repenting Guard to Paul and Silas

Act_16:24-30 CAB having received such a command, cast them into the inner prison and fastened their feet in the stocks. 25 Now about midnight Paul and Silas were praying and singing hymns to God, and the prisoners were listening to them. 26 And suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison were shaken; and immediately all the doors were opened and all the bonds were loosed. 27 And becoming awake, the prison keeper, seeing the doors of the prison open, drawing a sword, he was about to kill himself, supposing the prisoners to have escaped. 28 But Paul called out with a loud voice, saying, "Do to yourself nothing bad, for we are all here."

29 And asking for a light he rushed in, and coming trembling [ἔντρομος γενόμενος], he fell before [προσέπεσε] Paul and Silas, 30 and he brought them forth outside and said, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved?"

>> Sync: BOW | Lux (v 29-30)


This definitely and clearly proves that the apostles do not always lift people up when they bow to them.

> update biblical Bowing <==> Submission


Jesus Special New Testament Bowing COMMAND: Foot-Washing!

Note 1: Even Jesus bowed to other people!

Note 2: There is a New Covenant concept of 'brethren', especially ever since Anointed One Came (maybe Moses foreshadowed this?)


A Superior Cultural Background: Gen_18:4; Gen_19:2; Gen_24:32, Gen_43:24; 1Sa_25:41; Luk_7:44; 1Ti_5:10


Joh_13:1-20 CAB Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. 2 And after supper, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray Him, 3 Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God, 4 He rose from the supper and laid aside His garments, and having taken a towel, He girded Himself. 5 Then He poured water into a basin and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to dry them with the towel with which He was girded. 6 Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, "Lord, do You wash my feet?" 7 Jesus answered and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but you shall know after this." 8 Peter said to Him, "You shall never wash my feet!" Jesus answered him, "Unless I wash you, you have no part with Me." 9 Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!" 10 Jesus said to him, "He that is bathed need only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you." 11 For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, "You are not all clean." 12 So when He had washed their feet, and had taken His garments, He reclined again, and said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you? 13 You call me Teacher and Lord, and you say correctly, for so I am. 14 Therefore if I, your Lord and your Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I gave you an example, that just as I did to you, you also should do. 16 Most assuredly I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor a messenger greater than he who sent him. 17 If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them. 18 I do not speak concerning all of you. I know those whom I chose; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, 'He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.' 19 From now on I tell you before it happens, so that when it happens, you may believe that I AM. 20 Most assuredly I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me."


[Context Reminder Note: Joh_13:2, Joh_13:18-31 this included Judas]


Foot Washing and Foot Kissing


Adoration of Feet Connected with the Gospel

Good Announced message


Isa_52:7 CAB as a season of beauty upon the mountains, as the feet of one preaching glad tidings of peace, as one preaching good news; for I will proclaim your salvation, saying, O Zion, your God shall reign.


Rom_10:13-18 WEB For, "Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved." 14 How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? How will they believe in him whom they have not heard? How will they hear without a preacher? 15 And how will they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the Good News of peace, who bring glad tidings of good things!" 16 But they didn't all listen to the glad news. For Isaiah says, "Lord, who has believed our report?" 17 So faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. 18 But I say, didn't they hear? Yes, most certainly, "Their sound went out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world."


>> get CAB one day?


Honesty Challenge

        How likely is it that Mary was thinking of these verses when she kissed Jesus feet?

        Is Romans speaking exclusively of adoring Jesus feet, or also generally of those who preach the gospel?


Abigail & Marry of Bethany

It is true that Abigail, wife of Nebal, motioned to wash the feet of David's servants (1Sa_25:41), and it is true that as humiliating as this practice was it was still a deed known well enough about in the ancient world. Nonetheless, when Mary of Bethany took a huge plunge and maxed out on the extreme of this humiliating act, she simultaneously accomplished inspiring the God of heaven to institute the gloriously humble practice of foot washing, which is now renowned in the Assembly of Jesus upon the earth .





The Early Church Took these things Deeply to Heart, to DO Them!

Kissing a martyr's chains is a type of feet kissing


Who would let her creep into a prison to kiss a martyr's* chains or indeed to meet any one of the brethren for the kiss?

Tertullian >> I need to get the full reference


* martyr = one who testified, i.e. to the point of being imprisoned or even eventually put to death.


Instead of pretending to worship christ they actually imitated those who loved the real Jesus by doing the same things they did when Jesus was on the earth.



Abigail may have seen servants washing feet in some other context, and in any case, she seeks to humble herself as a slave to wash feet even though she is of a noble decent. despite the pervading custom of politely letting others wash their own feet, she seeks the humiliating honor of washing the men's feet, and in doing so she also links her previous bowing posture wish feet washing (which is bowing even lower than a normal bow!)!


Marry of Bethany

Marry is special and does what has never been thought of before in several ways...

- the quality of her washing: who has ever thought to wash with tears, dry with hair, and anoint head and feet with the most extravagant ointment???

- she was socially free from all obligation to Jesus, and without any requirement or demanded duty, she recognized the purely moral debt that Jesus had canceled on her bahalf and honored a man who did not physically own her or even have a relation to her.


- she recognized the surpassing reality and potency of the forgiveness of her sins, and defied all convention to glory in the Truth and steadfastness of what had spiritually happened.

- her recognition of what Jesus did for her necessarily exalted the imminent importance of doing justice to the truth of Jesus far above the fleshly obligations of this life.

- she cashed in on the eternal life of doing justice that finally displays a reasonable response to truth that sat right in front of her, and her contemporaries had not even dreamed of this yet, but where instead offended at her righteous love that they should have been imitating.

- even though they stalled to join her, yet at the last supper Jesus instituted a practice based on what she had pioneered.


Biblical Feet Kissing!


Kiss like a dog = doing obeisance / worshiping






Oppose-rs to Bowing/ Feet Kissing

Gehezi [?] wanted to push a woman away from Elishas [?] feet

Judas protested to Marry anointing and kissing Jesus feet


Marry Anointed Jesus feet



- rich flesh always despises extreme humility

- extremely angering to the flesh

- Judas was tripped up about this, but Jesus said, leave her alone

- Ays story of her sister getting mad about Ay stooping to help her dad tie his shoe (you know, slavery is over)


The question is Not: how do we know that this should apply today

The question is: Do we have any just, clean, submissive, faithful and reasonable bases at all whatsoever to assume that this does not apply to our use and practice today?

- consider those who inherit promises, Whos faith imitate


Believers automatically understand that the Bible applies, but perverts take a default stance of always distrusting the healthy application of the Scriptures, and they never stop finding ways to act like none of it applies.


Not: how do we know it applies, but,

Since it obviously applies, what hinders us from running with truth to do it like they did?


Not: if it applies, but rather,

What is that nonsense and restless heresy that always makes us want to spurn all authority of the Scriptures away from us?




Bowing Summaries and Applications


How Caution has been Exploited to Abolished all Bowing

Interestingly, all of these legitimate cautions concerning when not to bow have been fragmented, exploited, molested, and used as leverage to promote a humanistic, standard practice based on paranoia, that has basically abolished all bowing to men in modern society but this is completely unbiblical!


Be Sensitive and Perceptive Before Bowing

- Be sensitive as to the right timing when determining if you should bow

- the fact that the Bible particularly mentions them bowing means that, in general, they were not necessarily bowing at other times.

- Diligently study the Scriptures and carefully internalize why and when they bowed before seeking to carry it out for yourself

- There is a difference in intensity and purpose between bowing face down, on your knees, and partial bows. (Perhaps we can consider a feminine curtsy, a cowboy tipping his hat, or a Chinese or Japanese bow some with hands together).

(see Daniel)


Summaries of When Not to Bow to People

        Mistaking prophecy as God before you.

        Confusion over a persons significance and or identity

        Hang-ups/ misunderstandings about a persons flesh.


Summaries of When to Bow to People

Important Reminder Note: keep in mind that different levels of need may call for various levels of bowing

>>! finish summaries


When you need mercy from someone

When you need to repent to someone (think about the unthinkable crimes humans sometimes commit against each other)

Bowing for special moments to display extreme reverence for another person

Displaying reverence, imploring aid


What do you say? Are we ready to not only bring that beautiful curtsy back, but in some cases, we could even see appropriate displays of desperate humility and saving faith again?


>> Main Challenges:

- Act_10:

- rev worship God (even when John actually saw the angel)


Last Thoughts


Dont bow hypocritically, but bow from the heart.

If your heart is not there yet, then rend your heart until you are there, and until you are rejoicing at the very privilege!

BiblicalBowing: God commands Extreme Displays: rend your hearts and not your clothes! - He is waiting for you to do justice. God nearly always hides your answers benieth you


Don't be like Naman